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Historical Archives

Director Fr. Martín María Morales, SJ

To consult the Magazine La Gregoriana Web Page

Un Archivio a porte aperte, n. 48 To consult the file 48_39_archivio_it.pdf

 

The Historical Archives of the Pontifical Gregorian University owns a precious heritage which attests the intellectual activity of the Roman College's Jesuits, from its foundation in 1551 to the Society's Suppression in 1773.

More than 5,000 manuscripts attest the rhetoric, grammar, philosophy and theology lessons, taught along two centuries, and also the study of Greek and Latin classics, on astronomy, mathematics and physics, or of Latin, Greek, Hebrew and Arabic language.

Many of these manuscripts were patiently copied by the auditores, others are autographs of well-known masters such as Famiano Strada, Cristoforo Clavio, Francisco Suarez, Roberto Bellarmino, Muzio Vitelleschi, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Juan Bautista Villalpando, Francisco de Toledo.

In some cases the notes written for the lessons gave origin to important works, like the Bellarmino's Controversie, of which APUG owns a copy with a lot of handwritten notes by the author. Together with this material there are other important documents which attest the research and study activity which took place at the Roman College: the impressive Athanasius Kircher's correspondence, the Cristoforo Clavio's correspondence or the codex used by Sforza Pallavicino to write his Istoria del Concilio di Trento.

A lot of miscellaneous documents point out the relations between the Roman College and many of the Jesuits in mission around the world. By scanning these documents it is possible to follow the vicissitudes about the Reforms, the grace or moral debates, the Jansenist polemic and that one on the Chinese rites.

In addition this heredity is further enriched by the documentation about the teaching activity from the 19th century until today: in fact since 1873 the Pontifical Gregorian University, heir of the Roman College, deposits at APUG the document left by the professors who taught at the university. Thanks to this, APUG also owns documents on the First and Second Vatican Council.