GREGORIUS BUDI SUBANAR, The Local Church in the Light of Magisterium Teaching on Mission. A Case in Point: the Archdiocese of Semarang- Indonesia (1940-1981)
Reacting to the impact of World War I, Pope Benedict XV created a pastoral letter Maximum Illud (1919) to stimulate the creation of the local hierarchy on mission area. Afterward, there appeared similar documents of various kind. Meanwhile, in the 1950s various local churches were in trouble in facing nationalism movements in the new emerging countires since these churches were accused of being agents of colonialism. Added to this problem, was a demand to realize aggiornamento of the Church after Vatican Council II. In such situations, policies of the native bishops were important to the development of the local Church.
The Church in Indonesia was one among the many who struggled to exist in the new country. The policies of the two native bishops of the Archdiocese of Semarang, Indonesia represented the policies of the Church in Indonesia. To manage the activities and the formation of the native adherents, priests, and religious members, to organize the church’s institutions regarding the financial and the matter formerly done by the missionaries were parts of the principle duties of the native bishops. These were realisations of their concepts of the local Church as well as that of Christianity in the pluralistic society.
GREGORIUS BUDI SUBANAR, an Indonesian Jesuit priest born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, March 2, 1963. After his priesthood formation in Indonesia, he got a licenciate degree in Missiology Faculty at the Gregorian University in 1996. He obtained a doctorate degree at the same faculty in June 2000.
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