JAMES OLAITAN AJAYI, THE HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA. Some Ethical Considerations
HIV/AIDS disease is a global problem. The disease is however endemic in sub-Saharan Africa than any other parts of the world.
This work examines some of ethical problems of the disease in Nigeria. The first part of this work argues that the spread of HIV/AIDS has been facilitated in the country not just because of sexual promiscuity or harmful cultural practices, but also mainly as a result of socio - economic situations or problems of the country.
The second part examines the preventive strategies that are needed to curb the infection rate of the disease. It argues that principles of responsibility, non-discrimination, confidentiality and justice are essential for curtailing the further spread of the disease. The work also examines specific moral issues in the prevention of the disease namely, the prophylactics debate and the needle exchange programs. Here, it is demonstrated that the use of prophylactics is for the prevention of the transmission of a deadly disease, HIV/AIDS. Thus, it is not for contraceptive purpose and as a result, does not contradict the Church's sexual teachings or promote sexual promiscuity.
JAMES OLAITAN AJAYI was born in 1967. He had his Philosophical and Theological studies at Seminary of Saints Peter and Paul, Ibadan, Nigeria. He holds a BA in Religious Studies, University of Ibadan, Licentiate and Doctorate in Theology, at the Gregorian University, Rome. He is currently finishing a Masters' program in Government and Politics with specialization in International Relations at St. John's University, Rome/New York.
(C) PUG 2004