MP005E INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM, HINDUISM AND BUDDHISM IN DIALOGUE WITH CHRISTIANITY
Facoltà di Missiologia
Purpose: The course will introduce basic characteristics of three ancient as well as modern widespread religions in today’s globalized world – Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Three different professors would share
the same course according to their researched-knowledge.
Islam – The first part of the course will describe the origins of Islam, from Muhammed to the expansion of this new religion with its divisions (Sunni, Shiism...). We will present the different theological and juridical
schools, the main dogmas of Islam and introduce to the Koran. The great diversity of Islam will be highlighted, as well as the current debates between Muslims and with the Catholic Church, regarding the questions
of dialogue, fundamentalism and fraternity.
Hinduism – The religion of the Hindus is actually known as ‘San tan Dharm’ by its followers, meaning ‘Eternal religion’ or ‘Universal truth or law governing human conduct’. Thus the course would clarify the very
concept of religion according to Hinduism, and will explain what it aims at and how it proposes to achieve that by various ways and stages of life inspired by their Holy Book, the Veda. Then it would explain in brief the
concept of God, Man and World in the context of the final goal of life;liberation or union with God.
Buddhism – In this segment of the course we will cover the history and basic tenets of Buddhism from its beginnings in India through its spread and development throughout Eastern Asia (focusing especially on Chan
(or Zen) Buddhism) and conclude with a look at the contemporary practice of the religion. Throughout our study we shall reflect on the possibility of dialogue between Buddhism and Christianity on some fundamental points
of theory and practice.
Method: Every professor will guide the students to understand the subject matter in the manner suitable to accompany research. The evaluation of the course will be done on the paper written by every student for each
professor of about five pages.